On October 23, 1862 Major William Austine musters the 949 officers and men of the 16th Regiment into service at Brattleboro. Austine inspects the muster roll, counts the men and inspects their equipment. He reads the 96 Articles of War. The men take the oath of allegiance. Their nine-month service begins. See Benedict, Army Life in Virginia, 29-31 (Eric Ward ed. 2002).
The Regiment is one of the five regiments recruited in Vermont for nine months service under the Lincoln's call of Aug. 4, 1862. The ten companies are from Windham and Windsor Counties:
Company A--Bethel; Henry A. Eaton, Captain.
Company B--Brattleboro; Robert B. Arms, Captain.
Company C--Ludlow; Asa G. Foster, Captain.
Company D--Townshend; David Ball, Captain.
Company E--Springfield; Alvin C. Mason, Captain.
Company F--Wilmington; Henry F. Dix, Captain.
Company G--Barnard; Harvey N. Bruce, Captain.
Company H--Felchville; Joseph C. Sawyer, Captain.
Company I--Williamsville; Lyman E. Knapp, Captain.
Company K--Chester; Samuel Hutchinson, Captain.
The Regiment will leave Brattleboro the next day "by the usual route." Benedict, Vermont in the Civil War, 414-16 (1888). See 16th Vermont Infantry Introduction; 16th Vermont Infantry Regimental History.